When academic job hunting fails: How many jobs are there for Ph.D.s?
Posted On July 5, 2021
I spent the day at a conference where the topic of hiring Ph.
Ds came up.
There were three questions that popped up: Is the economy growing?
Are more jobs available?
Is the U.S. getting a higher share of the Nobel Prize in Physics?
I started to answer the first one with the usual disclaimer: I don’t think there is any evidence that the economy is growing, or that there is a surge in job opportunities.
But the second question raised some interesting possibilities.
What if, after decades of stagnant hiring and the decline in economic growth, the economy started to grow?
If we’re talking about the United States, maybe not all of the jobs that people are looking for are in academia.
In the 1980s, there were several years in which the U,S.
economy grew faster than inflation.
The 1990s and 2000s were different.
The latter is the era of globalized trade, and the former is the recession.
The recession of 2008-2009 brought a spike in the demand for labor.
That, along with the growth of the population, meant that there were fewer jobs for Americans looking for a Ph.
D. in science.
This created a glut of positions.
The economy then stagnated.
The U.s. economy actually grew less during this time period, at 2.7 percent.
This may be a temporary thing.
In the long run, the supply of qualified candidates for Phs will likely continue to shrink.
The supply of jobs for science will likely also shrink.
The U. S. economy will need to get back to its pre-recession level of productivity growth to keep pace with its growing population.
The answer is that there are a lot of jobs in the U: science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM).
But the question remains, where are all the jobs for those?
There are a number of sources of research jobs.
These are not all the same jobs, though.
For instance, in the STEM fields, you can find Ph.d.s in engineering, business, and medicine.
These areas of the U economy are also dominated by men, who are more likely to work in the sciences than the other sectors.
If we take a closer look at the jobs available for PhDs, it’s clear that the U is not the only place in the world.
In Europe, there are plenty of Ph. d.s working in engineering and business.
There are also plenty of STEM Ph.s, in education and humanities.
And that’s a good thing, according to a new report from the National Science Foundation.
The report finds that the number of research and engineering Ph.ds worldwide is rising, but that the STEM field is growing more slowly.
The authors of the report, who analyzed data from the European Commission and the National Institute of Science and Technology (NIST), found that STEM PhDs outnumber STEM positions, but they are also far less common than STEM positions overall.
The report also finds that there have been significant declines in the number and number of STEM research and development jobs.
The number of Phd.d.-equivalent research jobs in Europe has dropped by more than half since 2010, from 8.5 million to 3.9 million.
The authors also found that in the United Kingdom, there has been a decline in the numbers of research-oriented STEM positions since the early 1990s.
And in the Netherlands, the number has fallen by almost 30 percent since 2000.
These data are the first of a series that will look at how science, engineering and math (STEM) are doing in the developing world.
The rest of the reports in the series will look more closely at trends in the job market for U. s. adults.
We have already seen how STEM is doing in Europe.
In 2012, for example, STEM employment in the country surpassed that of non-STEM occupations in Europe for the first time.
In 2013, STEM occupations in the European Union increased by 17.4 percent.
In 2016, there was a marked slowdown in the development of STEM jobs in other parts of the world, according the report.
That trend was driven by a combination of globalization, the global recession, and a general drop in labor demand for STEM jobs.
This was the first year that the numbers for STEM occupations have shown signs of slowing in developed countries.
The NAES is an independent, non-profit, nonprofit, nonpartisan agency that provides a platform for researchers, policy makers, and students to communicate the findings of its research.
The NAES reports are available on the NAES website, at the Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR), and at the U of S. Census Bureau.
The full report can be downloaded on the CEPR website.